Donne, John

(1573-1631)
   Poet and divine, s. of a wealthy ironmonger in London, where he was b. Brought up as a Roman Catholic, he was sent to Oxf. and Camb., and afterwards entered Lincoln's Inn with a view to the law. Here he studied the points of controversy between Romanists and Protestants, with the result that he joined the Church of England. The next two years were somewhat changeful, including travels on the Continent, service as a private sec., and a clandestine marriage with the niece of his patron, which led to dismissal and imprisonment, followed by reconciliation. On the suggestion of James I., who approved of Pseudo-Martyr (1610), a book against Rome which he had written, he took orders, and after executing a mission to Bohemia, he was, in 1621, made Dean of St. Paul's. D. had great popularity as a preacher. His works consist of elegies, satires, epigrams, and religious pieces, in which, amid many conceits and much that is artificial, frigid, and worse, there is likewise much poetry and imagination of a high order. Perhaps the best of his works is An Anatomy of the World (1611), an elegy. Others are Epithalamium (1613), Progress of the Soul (1601), and Divine Poems. Collections of his poems appeared in 1633 and 1649. He exercised a strong influence on literature for over half a century after his death; to him we owe the unnatural style of conceits and overstrained efforts after originality of the succeeding age.

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

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  • Donne,John — Donne (dŭn), John. 1572 1631. English metaphysical poet and divine who served as chaplain to James I and as dean of Saint Paul s Cathedral (after 1621). His works include Divine Poems (1607). * * * …   Universalium

  • Donne, John — born с Jan. 24–June 19, 1572, London, Eng. died March 31, 1631, London English poet. Donne was born into a Roman Catholic family. He entered the University of Oxford at age 12; he later transferred to the University of Cambridge and subsequently… …   Universalium

  • DONNE, John — (1572 1631) Known as the father of metaphysical poetry, John Donne was an English poet, essayist, and theologian who served as dean of St. Paul s Cathedral. Born in London in 1572, Donne was named for his father, a successful ironmonger. His… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Donne, John — (c. 1573–1631)    Poet.    Although Donne was born into a Roman Catholic family (he was a great greatnephew of Sir Thomas more), he became an Anglican and was educated at the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge and at Lincoln’s Inn. He served in …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Donne, John — ► (1572 1631) Poeta inglés. Su poesía es intelectual, sensual y preciosista. Obras: Canciones y sonetos (1590 98) y Sonetos sacros (1615), entre otras. * * * ( 24 ene. 19 jun. 1572, Londres, Inglaterra–31 mar. 1631, Londres). Poeta inglés. Donne… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Donne, John — (1573 1631)    Born in London of Roman Catholic parents, his father, a prosperous merchant, died when Donne was four, and his mother remarried. He was educated at Hart Hall (now Hertford College), Oxford, but because he would not swear allegiance …   British and Irish poets

  • Donne, John — (1572 1631)    English poet, one of the most important of the group known as metaphysical poets. Born into a Roman Catholic family, in his youth he managed his education at Oxford and the law schools (the Inns of Court) carefully so that he could …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • DONNE, JOHN —    English poet and divine, born in London; a man of good degree; brought up in the Catholic faith; after weighing the claims of the Romish and Anglican communions, joined the latter; married a young lady of sixteen without consent of her father …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Donne — Donne, John …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • John Donne — (1572 31 de marzo de 1631) fue el más importante poeta metafísico inglés de las épocas de la reina Isabel I (Elizabeth I) (1559 1603), el rey Jacobo I (James I) (1603 1625) y su hijo Carlos I (Charles I) (1625 1642). La poesía metafísica es más o …   Wikipedia Español

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